UNESCO sites in morocco

Morocco, the gateway to Africa, is a country of dazzling diversity. Here you’ll find epic mountain ranges, ancient cities, sweeping deserts, and warm hospitality. It’s also home to nine UNESCO World Heritage Sites, each narrating the tale of a rich, historical tapestry that continues to thrive in modern times. This article voyages through these celebrated locations, offering a glimpse into their significance and splendor.

Exploring the Timeless Wonders: UNESCO Sites in Morocco

Unesco sites in morocco

1. The Imperial City of Fes Founded in the 9th century and home to the oldest university in the world, Fes el Bali, the old city of Fes, is a surviving medieval city that still pulses with life today. The medina of Fez, a labyrinth of narrow streets and ornate buildings, is a vibrant testament to Morocco’s history. Here, ancient knowledge is still transmitted in traditional ways within the walls of the University of Al Quaraouiyine, a center of Islamic learning for over 1,000 years.

The imperial city of fes

2. The Red City of Marrakech Marrakech is a city that enchants and captivates. It’s famed for its bustling Jemaa el-Fnaa square, where snake charmers, acrobats, and storytellers vie for attention, offering a kaleidoscope of Moroccan culture. The city’s medina, a maze of markets, is a treasure trove of Moroccan crafts. With its vibrant markets, palaces, and gardens, Marrakech embodies the essence of Moroccan history and tradition.

The red city of marrakech

3. The Ancient Roman Ruins of Volubilis Volubilis, once a prominent city of the Roman Empire, stands as a symbol of cultural interchange and adaptation. The ruins offer a window into a time when Roman, Berber, and African cultures mingled, leaving behind a rich mosaic of history. Its well-preserved mosaics and structures echo the grandeur of ancient Rome under African skies.

The ancient roman ruins of volubilis

4. The Walled City of Ait-Ben-Haddou Ait-Ben-Haddou, a ksar (fortified village) along the former caravan route between the Sahara and Marrakech, embodies the earthen clay architecture of the Maghreb. This site has starred in numerous films and continues to be a living community, with a few families still dwelling within its walls. The organic, pre-Saharan habitat is an extraordinary example of traditional housing built to meet the climatic conditions of the region.

The walled city of ait-ben-haddou

5. The Medina of Essaouira Essaouira, formerly known as Mogador, is an exceptional example of a late-18th-century fortified town, built according to the principles of contemporary European military architecture in a North African context. The city is a melting pot of cultures – African, Arab, Berber, and European, which is reflected in its diverse architectural styles.

The medina of essaouira

6. The Historic City of Meknes Sultan Moulay Ismaïl’s 17th-century capital, Meknes, combines elements of Islamic and European design and planning in a unique cultural landscape. This city, less frequented by tourists, offers a more peaceful exploration of palaces, mosques, and granaries that tell of a powerful empire.

The historic city of meknes

7. The Medinas of Tetouan and Tétouan (formerly known as Titawin) The Medina of Tetouan, with its distinctly Andalusian influence, is an example of a Mediterranean coastal town. It’s distinct from other Moroccan medinas with its Spanish-influenced architecture and layout—a reminder of the intercontinental exchanges between Europe and Africa.

The medinas of tetouan and tétouan

8. The Rabat, Modern Capital and Historic City As Morocco’s capital, Rabat reflects a conscious intermingling of the modern and historic. The site includes the new town, designed and built under the French Protectorate, the old walled city, and several ancient sites. This blend offers a living model of a coastal urban center within a natural landscape.

The rabat, modern capital and historic city

9. The Portuguese City of Mazagan (El Jadida) The Portuguese City of Mazagan, now part of El Jadida, is a remarkable example of the cross-cultural fertilization between Europe and Morocco. Its ramparts and colonial buildings speak to the exchange of influences and the coexistence of different architectural styles and town planning during the Portuguese occupation in the 16th century.

Portuguese city of mazagan (el jadida)

Visiting these UNESCO sites is more than just stepping into a postcard of panoramic views; it’s an immersive dive into the cultural heart of Morocco. Each site offers a unique story, a distinctive architecture, and an unspoken narrative about the people who shaped them.

Conservation Efforts

Morocco’s commitment to preserving its heritage is evident in its conservation efforts. For example, the renovation of the medina in Fes has been underway for several years, ensuring the longevity of this historic heartland. Similarly, at Volubilis, ongoing archaeological digs reveal more about the Roman way of life, while simultaneously preserving the integrity of the ruins.

Visitor Experience

For the traveler, these sites offer more than meets the eye. Engaging with local guides provides context and legend, animating the stones with the stories they hold. Each city, from the silent stones of Volubilis to the vibrant stalls of Marrakech, offers experiences that are tangible links to the past.


Morocco’s UNESCO World Heritage Sites are more than mere tourist destinations; they are the soul of this country, where the ancient and modern coalesce. Visitors leave with a deeper understanding of humanity’s shared heritage and the enduring spirit of Morocco’s people. Whether traversing the halls of learning in Fes, navigating the dynamic markets of Marrakech, or marveling at the architectural genius in the desert, the timeless wonders of UNESCO Sites in Morocco remain, waiting to be explored.

In crafting your journey through the UNESCO Sites in Morocco, let your curiosity be as boundless as the history these places enshrine. Here, within the walls, amongst the ruins, or under the desert stars, you’ll discover more than just monuments; you’ll find enduring narratives etched into the very fabric of the land.

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